LASIK is an elective procedure with alternatives including eyeglasses, contact lenses and other refractive surgeries.
LASIK is contraindicated in patients with collagen vascular, autoimmune or immunodeficiency disease, keratoconus, patients taking isotretinoin or amiodarone hydrochloride or are pregnant or nursing. Similarly, neither PRK nor LASIK surgery is recommended in patients with a history of ophthalmic Herpes simplex or Herpes Zoster. Caution should be employed in deciding to perform either surgery on patients with systemic disease likely to effect wound healing, such as connective tissue disease, advanced or poorly controlled diabetes, severe atopic disease or an immunocompromised status; safety and effectiveness has not been established for these patient populations.
Lower uncorrected visual acuity rates of 20/20 and 20/40 may be anticipated with higher degrees of correction. The safety and effectiveness of LASIK has NOT been established: in patients with ocular disease or corneal abnormality; in patients with corneal neovascularization with 1.0mm of the ablation zone; in patients under 21 years of age with hyperopia, with and without astigmatism, and myopia greater than 6.0 D and astigmatism greater than 1.0 D; in patients under 18 years of age; for patients over the long term; in patients with a history of keloid formation; and in patients who are taking sumatriptan.
It is possible following Laser Vision Correction treatment that patients will find it more difficult than usual to see in conditions such as very dim light, rain, snow, fog, or glare. Additional potential side effects include halos, double images, haze, dryness, headache, redness, over correction, under correction, increased refractive astigmatism, visual fluctuations, loss of BSCVA, increased ocular pressure, second surgical intervention, corneal edema, flap/cap trauma, corneal perforation, and infection, corneal infiltration/ulcer, corneal epithelial defect, corneal decompensation, and retinal vascular accident. Reading glasses may be needed in certain cases following surgery.
For a more detailed and complete listing regarding the above information, please ask your doctor on the day of your consultation.